Thursday, May 25, 2023
HomeNetworkingResizing photos on the Linux command line

Resizing photos on the Linux command line

The convert command from the ImageMagick suite of instruments offers methods to make all kinds of modifications to picture recordsdata. Amongst these is an possibility to alter the decision of photos. The syntax is easy, and the command runs extraordinarily shortly. It will probably additionally convert a picture from one format to a different (e.g., jpg to png) in addition to blur, crop, despeckle, dither, flip and be part of photos and extra.

Though the instructions and scripts on this put up largely concentrate on jpg recordsdata, the convert command additionally works with a big number of different picture recordsdata, together with png, bmp, svg, tiff, gif and such.

Fundamental resizing

To resize a picture utilizing the convert, you’d use a command like this:

$ convert -resize 1200x1000 smile.jpg smile-2.jpg

The syntax is “convert -resize decision currentfile newfile”.

The decision ought to be expressed as the specified width (in pixels), adopted by an “x” after which the specified top. Notice that if the numbers aren’t numerically associated to the present dimensions of the picture, the resultant decision may not be what you anticipate. Producing a 1200×1000 picture from a 2400×2000 is one factor. Asking for it to be saved as a 2000×1200 will end in one that’s solely 1440×1200.

Utilizing a script

In the event you intend to transform numerous photos or shall be resizing photos usually, it is a good suggestion to make use of a script. The primary script proven under would create a “smile_2.jpg” file from a “smile.jpg” file utilizing the 1200×800 decision. Notice the way it extracts the file extension from the filename in order that it will possibly construct the brand new filename.

if [ $# -eq 0 ]; then
    echo -n "picture file: "
    learn img

# get filetype and base title from argument
filetype=`echo $img | awk -F . '{print $2}'`
basename=`echo $img | sed 's/.jpg//'`

# goal decision

# new file title will embrace "_2"

# run convert command
convert -resize $decision $img $newfile

# show the brand new file
ls -l $newfile

Resizing a gaggle of picture recordsdata

The subsequent script will create a 1200×800 decision file from every of the jpg recordsdata within the present listing and can show every of the brand new recordsdata after it has been arrange.



for picture in `ls *.jpg`; do
  basename=`echo $picture | sed "s/.jpg//"`
  convert -resize $decision $picture ${basename}_${num}.jpg
  ls -ltr | tail -1

In the event you run the script, you’d see one thing like this:

$ resize_jpg_files
-rw-r--r--. 1 shs shs  49321 Could 25 09:52 camper_2.jpg
-rw-r--r--. 1 shs shs   3872 Could 25 09:52 map_2.jpg
-rw-r--r--. 1 shs shs   3872 Could 25 09:52 pig_2.jpg
-rw-r--r--. 1 shs shs 130432 Could 25 09:52 tree-cutting_2.jpg
-rw-r--r--. 1 shs shs  45082 Could 25 09:52 volcano_rings_2.jpg

Resizing by file sort

The subsequent script will ask you what sort of picture recordsdata to transform and can then run by way of the recordsdata of the kind within the present listing. Just like the earlier script, it provides a “_2” to the file names to distinguish them from the originals. This could simply be modified, after all, if another character or string works higher for you.


echo -n "file sort: "
learn filetype

for picture in `ls *.$filetype`; do
  echo $picture
  basename=`echo $picture | sed "s/.$filetype//"`
  convert -resize $decision $picture ${basename}_${add}.$filetype
  ls -ltr | tail -1

Utilizing a number of picture resolutions

This final script asks for the title of a single picture file after which creates new variations of the picture utilizing three totally different resolutions. It additionally provides the meant decision to the file title.


# ask for picture file title
echo -n "picture: "
learn picture

if [ ! -f $image ]; then
  echo "No such file: $picture"
  exit 1

# NOTE: decision is top x width
for reso in 400x500 600x800 800x1200; do
  basename=`echo $picture | sed 's/.jpg//'`
  convert -resize $reso $picture ${basename}_${reso}.jpg
  ls -ltr | tail -1

The resultant recordsdata may seem like this:

$ ls -l canine*
-rw-r--r--. 1 shs shs 14501 Could 25 12:29 dog_400x500.jpg
-rw-r--r--. 1 shs shs 28658 Could 25 12:29 dog_600x800.jpg
-rw-r--r--. 1 shs shs 45082 Could 25 12:29 dog_800x1200.jpg
-rw-r--r--. 1 shs shs 58628 Could 25 12:25 canine.jpg


The convert command makes resizing picture recordsdata extraordinarily simple. To study extra about a number of the command’s different choices, try this put up on changing and manipulating picture recordsdata on the Linux command line.

Copyright © 2023 IDG Communications, Inc.



Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisment -
Google search engine

Most Popular

Recent Comments