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Triggering Button Click on with JavaScript on Enter Key Press


A technique you possibly can improve UX is to permit customers to work together together with your net software utilizing their keyboard. That is particularly useful in terms of kind inputs and buttons. On this Byte, we’ll discover find out how to set off a button click on with JavaScript when the Enter secret’s pressed.

Occasions in JavaScript

Occasions are a core a part of constructing interactive net functions. They characterize the person’s interplay with the webpage, corresponding to clicks, key presses, mouse actions, and so on. JavaScript supplies a system to deal with these occasions, permitting us builders to create dynamic and interactive experiences.

onclick Occasion

The onclick occasion in JavaScript is triggered when a person clicks on a component. This occasion is commonly used to execute a operate when a button is clicked, like this:

<button onclick="alert('Howdy, World!')">Click on me</button>

On this code snippet, each time the button is clicked, an alert field with the message ‘Howdy, World!’ seems on the display screen.

onkeydown and onkeypress Occasions

Similar to onclick, the onkeydown and onkeypress occasions are triggered when a person interacts with a component. Nonetheless, as an alternative of a mouse click on, these occasions are fired when a person presses a key on their keyboard. The onkeydown occasion is triggered the second a secret’s pressed down, whereas onkeypress is triggered when a secret’s pressed and launched.

Let’s check out how this works:

<enter kind="textual content" onkeydown="console.log('Secret is pressed down')" onkeypress="console.log('Secret is pressed and launched')">

On this code snippet, each time a secret’s pressed down within the enter subject, “Secret is pressed down” is logged to the console. When the secret is pressed and launched, “Secret is pressed and launched” is logged.

Word: The primary distinction between onkeydown and onkeypress is that onkeydown can detect all keys, whereas onkeypress solely detects keys that produce a personality worth, like alphabets, numbers, and punctuation. This makes onkeydown extra appropriate for our use-case of detecting the Enter key press.

Why Set off Button Click on on Enter?

A key side of fine person expertise is guaranteeing that your web site or software just isn’t solely straightforward to make use of, but additionally intuitive. One widespread conference that many customers are accustomed to is the power to set off a button click on by urgent the Enter key. That is particularly vital with kind submissions, the place customers might fill out a bunch of fields and naturally count on to submit the shape by urgent Enter, as an alternative of manually having clicking a submit button.

Triggering a button click on on Enter key press not solely improves the person expertise, but additionally enhances usability for customers who depend on keyboards for navigation, presumably to both velocity up the method or as a result of bodily limitations.

Implementing Button Click on Set off on Enter Key Press

To implement this, we’ll want to make use of JavaScript, after all. Particularly, we’ll be utilizing JavaScript’s occasion dealing with to hear for the Enter key press after which set off the button click on.

HTML Setup

Let’s begin with a quite simple HTML kind with an enter subject and a button:

<kind id="myForm">
  <enter kind="textual content" id="myInput" placeholder="Sort one thing...">
  <button id="myButton">Submit</button>

On this setup, we’ve got a kind with an id of “myForm”, an enter subject with an id of “myInput”, and a button with an id of “myButton”.


Now, let’s add the JavaScript to set off the button click on on Enter key press. We’ll use the addEventListener methodology to hear for the “keydown” occasion on the enter subject. When the occasion is fired, we’ll test if the important thing pressed was Enter (key code 13), and in that case, we’ll set off the button click on utilizing the click on methodology.

doc.getElementById('myInput').addEventListener('keydown', operate(occasion) {
  // Verify if Enter was pressed
  if (occasion.keyCode === 13) {
    // Forestall the default motion
    // Set off the button click on
    doc.getElementById('myButton').click on();

We first get the enter subject by its id utilizing doc.getElementById. We then add an occasion listener for the “keydown” occasion. Contained in the occasion listener, we test if the important thing code of the occasion is 13, which corresponds to the Enter key. Whether it is, we stop the default motion utilizing occasion.preventDefault (which might be to submit the shape and refresh the web page), after which set off the button click on utilizing doc.getElementById('myButton').click on().

When you’re utilizing jQuery, you’d wanto to make use of one thing like this as an alternative:

$("#myInput").keyup(operate(occasion) {
    if (occasion.keyCode === 13) {
        $("#myButton").click on();

The code could be very comparable in construction, however it is a bit extra compact and simpler to learn.

And there you’ve got it! With just some traces of JavaScript, we now permit customers to submit a kind by urgent the Enter key. Whereas this may appear to be a small element, it is these sorts of enhancements that may make a giant distinction within the general person expertise.

Dealing with Occasion Effervescent and Propagation

Occasion effervescent is an idea in JavaScript the place an occasion triggers on the deepest potential component, after which triggers on mum or dad parts in nesting order. Consequently, a mum or dad component can react to a baby component’s occasion. This will trigger surprising conduct if you’re attempting to set off a button click on on an Enter key press.

Contemplate the next code snippet:

  <div id="mum or dad">
    <button id="little one">Click on Me!</button>

    // Connect occasion listener to the kid component
    doc.getElementById("little one").onclick = operate(occasion) {
      alert("Little one Button Clicked!");

    // Connect occasion listener to the mum or dad component
    doc.getElementById("mum or dad").onclick = operate(occasion) {
      alert("Guardian Div Clicked!");

On this case, when you click on on the kid component, the mum or dad div may also obtain the “onclick” occasion.

To forestall this, you should use occasion.stopPropagation(). This prevents additional propagation of the present occasion within the capturing and effervescent phases.

Comparable Use-Circumstances

Triggering a button click on on an Enter key press is only one of many comparable use-cases. Let’s have a look at just a few others.

Type Submission on Enter Key Press

One widespread use-case for triggering occasions with the Enter secret’s kind submission. By default, most browsers will submit a kind when the Enter secret’s pressed, assuming the shape has a submit button. Nonetheless, there could also be situations the place you need to manually management this conduct utilizing JavaScript.

Contemplate the next HTML kind:

<kind id="myForm">
  <enter kind="textual content" id="identify" placeholder="Enter your identify">
  <enter kind="textual content" id="e-mail" placeholder="Enter your e-mail">
  <button kind="submit">Submit</button>

You may hear for the “keydown” occasion and test if the Enter secret’s pressed. Whether it is, you possibly can manually submit the shape:

doc.getElementById('myForm').addEventListener('keydown', operate(occasion) {
  // Verify if Enter was pressed with out Shift, Ctrl, Alt, Caps
  if (occasion.key === 'Enter' && !occasion.shiftKey && !occasion.ctrlKey && !occasion.altKey && !occasion.capsLockKey) {

Word: It might even be vital to test for modifier keys like Shift, Ctrl, Alt, and Caps Lock. If these keys are pressed together with Enter, the shape shouldn’t be submitted. This enables customers to insert line breaks into textual content fields if wanted.

Triggering Different Occasions on Key Press

Past kind submission, there are numerous different occasions you may need to set off with a key press. For instance, you may need to set off a button click on when the House bar is pressed. Contemplate a button that toggles a lightbulb on and off:

<button id="lightSwitch">Toggle Mild</button>

You may hear for the ‘keydown’ occasion and set off the button click on when the House bar is pressed:

doc.addEventListener('keydown', operate(occasion) {
  if (occasion.code === 'House') {
    doc.getElementById('lightSwitch').click on();

On this case, urgent the House bar could have the identical impact as clicking the button. The probabilities are countless, and you may set off nearly any occasion with any key press.


On this Byte, we have explored find out how to set off button clicks and different occasions with key presses in JavaScript. We have checked out find out how to submit types with the Enter key and find out how to set off button clicks with the House bar. We have additionally touched on potential points like occasion effervescent/propagation.



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