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Most and Minimal Values for Integers in JavaScript


JavaScript is a remarkably versatile language, however it’s not with out its limitations. One in all these limitations is the utmost and minimal integer worth that may be precisely represented. On this Byte, we’ll focus on the JavaScript quantity sort, the utmost and minimal integer values in JavaScript, and how one can work round these limitations if wanted.

JavaScript’s Quantity Kind

In JavaScript, numbers are saved as 64-bit floating level values, following the worldwide IEEE 754 normal. This format shops numbers in three components: the signal, the exponent, and the fraction. It is this format that permits JavaScript to deal with a really big selection of values, from very small to very massive.

Nevertheless, due to the best way numbers are saved, there’s a restrict to the dimensions of an integer that may be precisely represented.

Most Integer Worth in JavaScript

The most important precise integral worth that JavaScript can symbolize is 2^53 – 1, or 9007199254740991. This worth is outlined in JavaScript as Quantity.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER.

// Output: 9007199254740991

Notice: The time period “secure” in MAX_SAFE_INTEGER refers back to the capability to symbolize integers precisely and to appropriately examine them. For instance, (Quantity.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER + 1) === Quantity.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER will return true, as a result of the worth of Quantity.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER + 1 cannot be represented precisely and is rounded to Quantity.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER.

Minimal Integer Worth in JavaScript

Equally, the smallest precise integral worth that JavaScript can symbolize is -(2^53 – 1), or -9007199254740991. This worth is outlined in JavaScript as Quantity.MIN_SAFE_INTEGER.

// Output: -9007199254740991

Keep in mind that these limitations are inherent to the best way JavaScript (and plenty of different languages) symbolize numbers. If it’s essential work with bigger or smaller integers, you will want to make use of a workaround, just like the BigInt sort, which we’ll briefly cowl later on this Byte.

Different Quantity Properties in JavaScript

JavaScript supplies a number of different built-in properties to work with numbers. As an illustration, Quantity.MAX_VALUE returns the biggest optimistic representable quantity, which is roughly 1.8e+308. Then again, Quantity.MIN_VALUE offers the smallest optimistic representable quantity, which is about 5e-324.

console.log(Quantity.MAX_VALUE);  // 1.7976931348623157e+308
console.log(Quantity.MIN_VALUE);  // 5e-324

Notice: Quantity.MIN_VALUE is just not the bottom quantity JavaScript can deal with. It is the smallest optimistic quantity better than zero that JavaScript can symbolize with precision.

There’s additionally Quantity.POSITIVE_INFINITY and Quantity.NEGATIVE_INFINITY which symbolize the mathematical ideas of optimistic and detrimental infinity.

console.log(Quantity.POSITIVE_INFINITY);  // Infinity
console.log(Quantity.NEGATIVE_INFINITY);  // -Infinity

BigInt: An Different for Bigger Integers

When coping with numbers bigger than Quantity.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER, JavaScript has one other quantity sort referred to as BigInt. It might probably symbolize integers of arbitrary size. A BigInt is created by appending n to the top of an integer or by calling the BigInt operate.

let large = 9007199254740993n;
console.log(large);  // 9007199254740993n

large = BigInt(9007199254740993);
console.log(large);  // 9007199254740993n

Notice: BigInt and Quantity should not implicitly convertible. It’s important to manually convert them if you wish to use them collectively in an operation. Understand that chances are you’ll not be capable of accuratley convert a BigInt to a Quantity resulting from the truth that it will probably symbolize a lot bigger numbers than Quantity is ready to deal with.


Understanding JavaScript’s quantity properties, together with the utmost and minimal integer values that may be precisely represented, is necessary for avoiding sudden ends in your calculations. For dealing with bigger integers, BigInt is a superb, built-in various.



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