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HomeCyber SecurityMispadu Banking Trojan Targets Latin America: 90,000+ Credentials Stolen

Mispadu Banking Trojan Targets Latin America: 90,000+ Credentials Stolen

Mar 20, 2023Ravie LakshmananCyber Menace / Malware

A banking trojan dubbed Mispadu has been linked to a number of spam campaigns concentrating on international locations like Bolivia, Chile, Mexico, Peru, and Portugal with the purpose of stealing credentials and delivering different payloads.

The exercise, which commenced in August 2022, is at the moment ongoing, Ocelot Workforce from Latin American cybersecurity agency Metabase Q mentioned in a report shared with The Hacker Information.

Mispadu (aka URSA) was first documented by ESET in November 2019, describing its capability to perpetrate financial and credential theft and act as a backdoor by taking screenshots and capturing keystrokes.

“One in all their predominant methods is to compromise legit web sites, trying to find susceptible variations of WordPress, to show them into their command-and-control server to unfold malware from there, filtering out international locations they don’t want to infect, dropping totally different kind of malware based mostly on the nation being contaminated,” researchers Fernando García and Dan Regalado mentioned.

It is also mentioned to share similarities with different banking trojans concentrating on the area, like Grandoreiro, Javali, and Lampion. Assault chains involving the Delphi malware leverage e mail messages urging recipients to open faux overdue invoices, thereby triggering a multi-stage an infection course of.

Ought to a sufferer open the HTML attachment despatched by way of the spam e mail, it verifies that the file was opened from a desktop system after which redirects to a distant server to fetch the first-stage malware.

The RAR or ZIP archive, when launched, is designed to utilize rogue digital certificates – one which is the Mispadu malware and the opposite, an AutoIT installer – to decode and execute the trojan by abusing the legit certutil command-line utility.

Mispadu is supplied to collect the listing of antivirus options put in on the compromised host, siphon credentials from Google Chrome and Microsoft Outlook, and facilitate the retrieval of further malware.


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This contains an obfuscated Visible Fundamental Script dropper that serves to obtain one other payload from a hard-coded area, a .NET-based distant entry device that may run instructions issued by an actor-controlled server, and a loader written in Rust that, in flip, executes a PowerShell loader to run information straight from reminiscence.

What’s extra, the malware makes use of malicious overlay screens to acquire credentials related to on-line banking portals and different delicate info.

Metabase Q famous that the certutil strategy has allowed Mispadu to bypass detection by a variety of safety software program and harvest over 90,000 checking account credentials from over 17,500 distinctive web sites.

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